Interview with the first graduated international physiotherapy Ph.D student


R: Would you please introduce yourself first?
S: I am Muhammad Salman Bashir, I have recently completed my PhD from Tehran University of Medical Sciences. I belong to Pakistan and now I am here since 2015.

R: Thank you, would you please explain about your educational background?
S:  I completed my graduation in school of physiotherapy from King Edward Medical University, Lahore awarded by gold medal, and then, I completed my post professional doctor of physical therapy in Riphah International University and again Alhamdulillah I was awarded by chancellor Gold medal. And then I completed my Master of Philosophy in Physical Therapy from King Edward Medical University, and Alhamdulillah I was declared as Gold Medalist. And then I came here in Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2015. Then I completed my PhD here in Tehran University of Medical Sciences.

R: Great, now would you please explain about your work experience and resume?
S: I completed my education in 2009 and then after my graduation I served in different prestigious institutions in Pakistan, I served Allama Iqbal college of Physiotherapy and then I served school of allied health sciences in children hospital. And then I joined private sector university, Riphah International University, as Assistant professor and served more than four years in Riphah and then I left Riphah because of my studies, I came here in Tehran. And then I again joined Riphah as Associate dean for post graduate and research.

R: Thank you, would you please briefly explain about your thesis, its title, subject, methodology?
S: It seems difficult to summarize all the work that I have done in my PhD but briefly, I have actually done on the effects of spinal manipulation and muscle energy technique on patients in terms of pain, function and thickness of muscles on patients that suffered from sacroiliac joint dysfunction and my work is in search of novel idea because first time we have found out that the thickness level at resting, contraction, percent change and percent difference in Latissimus Dorsi , Gluteus maximus , and Transverse abdominus and internal oblique and found out that the combination of muscle energy technique and spinal manipulation therapy seems more effective in terms of pain, function and thickness level. If Muscle energy technique applied just after spinal manipulation, its effect is long lasting than vice versa.

R: As you said it’s a novel study, has any similar study been conducted in Iran?
S:  I told you “as a novel” in terms of key functions. But yes I have seen some researches but not similar that were conducted in Tehran as well as in Shiraz, actually they have done the research on spinal manipulation on lumbosacral region and found the effect on pain and function but there is very little research that I have seen in Iran regarding the change in thickness in above mentioned muscles. If I say that, I haven’t seen any research on change in thickness of Latissimus dorsi and gluteus maximus, its true and this is a unique idea of my research and I have proposed a Target, Effect, Action model named as “TEA” model ,T for target, E for effect, and A for action. I used familiar drink name so that we can easily remember this model.

R: How about similar studies outside Iran?
S: I haven’t found similar researches regarding change in thickness of gluteus maximus and Latissimus dorsi by using Ultrasonography in response to muscle energy technique and the spinal manipulation therapy techniques although some researchers worked on immediate effect but they did not consider the longevity effect of the treatment.

R: What was the main barrier while you have been working on your thesis?
S: I would like to share barrier or difficulty that I have found during my research. The most important thing is that I have found barrier during the follow-up cases, for example the patients do not always follow your instructions especially during the recording of Ultrasonography and reluctant to come to clinic in follow up due to time barrier.

R: So what is the result of your research?
S: I will share my research results with both graduates as well as clinical experts. You can say that this study and model played important role to find effective evidence based treatment combination for sacroiliac joint dysfunction patients and the result was that the combination of spinal manipulation therapy and muscle energy technique is more effective than alone. And when we apply muscle energy technique before spinal manipulation therapy it is not so much effective but for the longevity of the effect spinal manipulation therapy applied before muscle energy technique seems more effective and has more long time effects.

R: So how many articles have been driven from your study?
S: I have published 3 articles and 4 articles are ready to be published in journals with more than one impact factor.

R: Why did you choose Tehran University of Medical Sciences?
S: Before Tehran University of Medical Sciences I was selected for Otago University in New Zealand in 2011 for PhD. And also in 2014 my PhD proposal was accepted in Huddersfield University in UK, but couldn’t go there then applied in Tehran University of Medical Sciences, I feel that Tehran University of Medical Sciences in this region has very good QS world ranking and the Times Higher Education (THE) ranking especially in my field such as physical therapy and rehabilitation and this university is very popular and famous in terms of research and ranking throughout the world. I chose Tehran University of Medical Sciences because of its physical therapy faculty and research activities.

R: If finally you want to add a comment or you might have a memory you want to share, that would be great.
S: I would like to share my memories in Tehran; I have spent a very memorable time here and especially with my teachers as you know Prof. Dr. Hadian, Prof. Dr. Olyaei, Prof. Dr. Talebian, Prof. Dr. Shadmehr,  Prof. Dr. Baghery, Dr. Attarbashi, Dr. Meer and Dr. Bashardoust. They all taught us in tremendous way. No doubt, I learnt a lot and have very good memories. They were all very supportive; I was blessed being a student of such a nice faculty. I must say that it’s a very good institution regarding research and learning for the students and for expert practitioners to sharpen their knowledge more.

R: It is great to hear that. Thank you very much for your time.